Bali János

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# Cím Abstract Folyóirat Oldalszám
Furulyák a nagyszebeni múzeumban abs.
Recorders in the Sibiu Museum
János Bali

In the collection of the historical section of the National Brukenthal Museum in Sibiu, Romania (old German name Hermannstadt, Hungarian name Nagyszeben) there are seven Renaissance woodwind instruments. Alongside a bass crumhorn and two shawms we find four recorders: two bassets, a bass, and a great bass. They were publicized together with photographs by Dr. Martha Bruckner in 1941 in the proceedings of the Sibiu Museum, however, they have remained unknown to modern organology; it was worth giving a more precise description in the light of recent musicological researches.
These recorders are significant for several reasons: firstly, to my knowledge, they are the only surviving historical recorders in Transylvania. Secondly, they are among the few old recorders about which we have written contemporary documents. Lastly, a comparison of them with other instruments bearing the same master's mark leads to valuable conclusions.
Three of the Sibiu recorders belonged to a set, and on the basis of their maker's mark (HIER•S•), technical details and manufacturing we could place this set in between the famous HIE•S and HIER S• sets - now in the Vienna Kunsthistorisches Museum - reinforcing the hypothesis that all these instruments were made by the same maker (who could be the Italian Hieronymus Bassano, one of the most famous figures in the history of the recorder).
The fourth recorder is marked with a letter “W” and a crown. The set to which it belonged probably contained a bass with extension: curiously the fragments of the typical key of this bass survived on the bass of the HIER•S• set, as a comparison of the keys with a bass recorder now in Vienna shows. The same “W-and-crown” marks are on the Sibiu and Prague shawms; all these instruments could be of south-German origin.
2010., 48. évf. 1. szám 74. - 83.o