Szitha Tünde

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# Cím Abstract Folyóirat Oldalszám
"A teljes életre tanít" : beszélgetés Kocsis Zoltánnal Arnold Schönberg Mózes és Áron címû operájáról és az általa komponált harmadik felvonásról abs.
”It Teaches Us to Live Our Life as a Whole” Zoltán Kocsis talks about Schönberg’s Moses and Aron and the third act composed by him Tünde Szitha   In the summer of 2009 Zoltán Kocsis completed Arnold Schönberg's unfinished opera Moses and Aron with a third act, closely following the libretto the composer had left behind. This completed version was premiered by the National Philhar­monic Orchestra and Chorus featuring Wolfgang Schöne as Moses and Daniel Brenna as Aron) on 16th January, 2010 in Budapest, conducted by Zoltán Kocsis. This interview is focused on the motivation and compositional methods of his work. Kocsis accepts the general judgement of the musical world, which regards Moses and Aron as one of the most complete „unfinished works" of music history. However, in the course of the Hungarian premiere of the original form at the Miskolc National Opera Festival (2009) he experienced the theatrical and musical absurdity of performing the third act in prose form. Although Schönberg had authorized the staging of the third act in this way, according to Kocsis the speech mode equalizes the role and dramatic power of the personalities of Moses and Aron, firmly distinguished by Sprechgesang and bel canto singing in the first and second acts. This was the first motive that prompted him to write a score. The other was his desire to find a strong musical reply to the fiasco of Moses, to answer his open-ended sentence „O Wort, du Wort, was du mir fehlst..." and to expand the two dimensions of the first two acts (Moses: canon and discipline – Aron/people: pragmatism, caducity and outrage) with a third one (God: trans­cendency and judgement), which can be detected in the libretto. The most important task for Kocsis was to compose the third act to Schön­berg's music as coherently as possible from the distance of almost eight decades. He made use of the three fragments of sketches preserved in the Arnold Schön­berg Center in Vienna; he composed his own inventions as well in the system of consequent dodecaphony; he maintained the twelve-tone Reihe of the opera as a basic structural and melodic principle; he quoted the six-chord opening phrase of the first act in several forms of variations as the icon of the divine canon; and at several points he used quotations, allusions and paraphrases from the first two acts. Nevertheless he considers the third act as his own music with strong re­ferences to Schönberg. He invented a number of illustrative instrumental inter­ludes to depict the visual element of the libretto, included a passage of jazz cross­talk in Moses' last scene (which has more connection with contemporary jazz style, than with Schönberg's era), and - by giving a central role to F sharp almost throughout the act - he effected a melodic and harmonic release at the end of the opera: as a symbol of God this motif leads the marching people forward to the desert and affords resignation to Moses.
2010., 48. évf. 3. szám 253. - 276.o
A XVI-XVII. század magyar zenetörténetének irodalma öt folyóiratban és hat kötetsorozatban - 1983., 24. évf. 1. szám 72. - 86.o
Az amerikai minimálzene hatása az Új Zenei Stúdió zeneszerzõire az 1970-es és 80-as években abs.
The Influence of American Minimal-Music on the Composers of the New Music Studio in the Years 1970-80
Tünde Szitha

In the history of Hungarian music after the second World War, keeping an eye on overseas trends and an immediate processing of internationally perceptible stylistic novelties appeared for the first time in the attitude of composers of the Új Zenei Stúdió (New Musical Studio). This group of composers and performing artists intensively studied the new trends of Europe and America and for a long time they were the only musicians who – as a sort of contemporary musical workshop – thought it was important to propagate new works that were only available from foreign sources. From 1975 onwards the rich concert repertoire of the ensemble included compositions by La Monte Young, Steve Reich, Philip Glass, Terry Riley and Frederic Rzewsky and this was when some characteristic stylistic features appeared in the works of the three founding composers, Zoltán Jeney, László Sáry and László Vidovszky and indicated the influence of the experience gained from minimal music. However, if we evaluate the effects of foreign music realistically, then it is obvious that the radical novelty for this group of musicians was not the appearance of minimal music but the trends created by the Darmstadt group and the music of Christian Wolff and John Cage immediately before. As these examples shook the very roots of everything the composers of the Új Zenei Stúdió had learnt during their College Academy years about the relation to traditions, basic compositional tasks, musical forms, genres, sound and timing, the inspiration that resulted from minimal music was only of secondary importance and – as indicated by their works – merely indirect. By means of a few short how the inspiration of minimal and repetitive musical elements became an individual and freely deployed means of composition in the works of Zoltán Jeney, László Sáry and László Vidovszky, with special emphasis on the characteristics of the musical forms, rhythmic structures and sounds that they use.
2000., 38. évf. 2. szám 127. - 139.o
Az Új Zenei Stúdió hangverseny-repertoárja 1970-1990 között - 2012., 50. évf. 3. szám 303. - 348.o
Experimentum és népzene az Új Zenei Stúdió mûhelyében 1970-90 között - és utána - 2010., 48. évf. 4. szám 439. - 451.o
Liszt Ferenc „ismeretlen” francia dalai - 1986., 27. évf. 1. szám 49. - 82.o